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The Curious Case of the Claque-FreePackage.tk 5 months ago

 
 
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In this video:

The word “claque” is derived from the 16th century French term “claquer”, which roughly meant “to clap”, and is largely used to refer to a group of individuals hired to give a pre-determined response to a performance, be it positive, negative or anything in between. Individual members of a claque are generally referred to as “claquers” or “claqueurs” and for a brief but significant window in the 19th and early 20th century, they basically controlled how an audience would react to a given play, beginning in Paris and spreading from there

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Sources:

http://www.bartleby.com/81/3634.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/18/arts/dance/designated-cheering-spectators-thrive-at-the-bolshoi-theater.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=SxeuAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA51&lpg=PA51&dq=roman+abramov+claque&source=bl&ots=dCAlAk7OjP&sig=Vn6qIaPg0Mec6yAWj6FRnehSRW0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=FUE1VdP3A82s7AberIDIBg&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=roman%20abramov%20claque&f=false
http://psychology.about.com/od/classicpsychologystudies/p/conformity.htm
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6146/647.abstract
http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1902/09/09/page/12/article/laughter-and-tears-to-order
https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=E1Z_wqOE3m0C&pg=PA38&lpg=PA38&dq=M.+Sauton+claque&source=bl&ots=_6iK0cKy5d&sig=NtDuETLt5Kuq1lSNRmADSjKK67I&hl=en&sa=X&ei=zi41VeHWO4LW7Qav5YD4Ag&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=M.%20Sauton%20claque&f=false
http://www.theatrehistory.com/french/claque001.html
http://h2g2.com/entry/A53440391
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=claque

Image Credit:

https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-42024316/stock-photo-%D0%90%D0%BF%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%82%D1%8B-%D0%B0%D1%83%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B8-%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%82
https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-30047030/stock-photo-%D0%91%D1%80%D1%8E%D0%BD%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BA%D0%B0-%D0%BF%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%8C
https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-42024190/stock-photo-%D0%A1%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%85-%D0%B0%D1%83%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B8-%D0%B2-%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%BE
https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-15656186/stock-photo-%D0%91%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%BD%D0%B5%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD-frowning-%D0%B8-%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%B0%D1%8F-%D0%B4%D0%B2%D0%B5-%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B8%D0%B5-%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%86%D1%8B-%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B7-%D0%98%D0%B7%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B5-%D0%BD%D0%B0-%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%BC
https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-132603374/stock-photo-studio-shot-portrait-of-man-showing-thumb-down
https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-42024508/stock-photo-%D0%A2%D0%B5%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%80-%D0%B0%D1%83%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B8-%D1%85%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8-%D0%B2-%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%88%D0%B8-%D0%B8-%D0%B2%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%85%D0%B8%D1%89%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%8C%D1%81%D1%8F
https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-98120924/stock-photo-beautiful-female-hands-isolated-on-black-background-applause
https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-175126960/stock-vector-poster-in-hand-business-concept-with-text-what-is-your-reason%3F-vector-illustration
https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-128309702/stock-photo-customer-feedback-comment-vote-review-results-concept
https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-30093491/stock-vector-%D0%91%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B8%D0%B5-%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%86%D1%8B-%D1%80%D1%83%D0%BA%D0%B8-%D0%B2%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%85-%D0%B8-%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B7
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Theatre_audience_18-19th_century.jpg
https://www.google.com.ua/search?q=claquer&espv=2&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj4zduav5rTAhUJOpoKHbKeAZMQ_AUIBigB&biw=1920&bih=901#tbs=sur:fmc&tbm=isch&q=Jean+Daurat&imgrc=RHHQG-ZlRhw1EM:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_old_theatre_hall_-_Bergen.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Claudejosephdorat.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Performance_in_the_Bolshoi_Theatre.JPG

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